saron family (Family of Sundanese metallophones)
~ Percussion instrument
Part of the Sundanese gamelan, these consist of a decorated wood resonator (rancak) upon which is resting six to nine thick, smooth, bronze or iron keys that are hit with mallets of hard wood or buffalo horn.
The saron family consists of the smallest member; saron panerus, the middle pitch member; saron barung and the largest member; sarong demung. Additionally, the largely obsolete slentho (which has been subsumed by the slenthem) is even deeper than the demung and the saron peking, which is a special slendro variant is even higher than the panerus, of which it shares an overlapping range. Finally the saron wayang is used in wayang performances.
lowest pitch to highest
slentho it has basically been replaced by slenthem.
sarong demung 90 cm
sarung barung 75 cm (rincik)
sarong panerus 60 cm (peking)
|from:||Sunda, Jawa, Indonesia|
|part of (as saron):||gamelan (Indonesian traditional ensemble)|
|subtypes:||saron barung (Middle pitch saron-family member used in Sundanese gamelan.)|
saron demung (Penultimate pitch saron-family member used in Sundanese gamelan.)
saron panerus (Highest pitch saron-family member used in Sundanese gamelan.)
saron peking (Highest pitch saron-family member.)
saron wayang (Special saron used for Wayang puppetry)
slentho (Obsolete deepest saron-family member used in Sundanese gamelan.)
|type of:||metallophone (Arrangement of struck tuned metal bars.)|